Samoa, a South Pacific archipelago comprising 12 Polynesian islands, signed the UNFCCC in 1992 and has committed to reduce GHG emissions. In this context, Samoa has to submit a high-quality National Communication and Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC including GHG inventory report.
Changes in the atmosphere’s substance balance, such as greenhouse gas concentration, contribute to climate change. Greenhouse gases absorb infrared, warming the planet. Anthropogenic activities have been affecting greenhouse gas concentrations inducing climate crisis.
GHG inventories help understand GHG sources and causes and reduce their global impact. A GHG inventory quantifies emissions and sinks for a given jurisdictional or organizational boundary. These inventories, which are updated to reflect changes in GHG accounting, influence emission reduction plans and policies and assess progress over time. IPCC utilises Global Warming Capacity (GWP) to compare each GHG’s heat-trapping potential to CO2.
Samoa’s government commissioned CoreCarbonX to create a National Inventory Report on the country’s greenhouse gas emissions in compliance with UNFCCC requirements.
This study estimates Samoa’s GHG emissions and sinks from 2010 to 2020 from four sectors: energy, industry, agroforestry, and waste. The report presents emission data by source, sink, and gas.
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