The Conventional Problem and Missed Opportunity

The traditional disposal of livestock manure by emptying it into pits with water leads to methane formation and release – a potent greenhouse gas driving climate change. This harmful practice not only damages the environment but also squanders a valuable resource that could benefit local communities.

The Innovative Godhan Nyay Yojana Solution 

Launched on July 21, 2020, by the Chhattisgarh government, the Godhan Nyay Yojana presents an innovative solution to mitigate methane emissions from conventional animal waste management across the state’s districts. This multifaceted program aims to:

– Promote organic farming practices

– Generate rural and urban employment opportunities

– Encourage cow rearing and protection

– Provide financial incentives to cattle owners

Under the scheme, the government procures cow dung from farmers and livestock raisers. This cow dung is then transformed into vermicompost and other organic products by women’s Self-Help Groups, creating a valuable organic manure alternative that discourages chemical fertilizer use and promotes sustainable agriculture.

CCX’s Pioneering Implementation

CCX, a leading climate advisory and project management company, is the pioneering partner implementing the ‘Gothan’ model statewide under the Godhan Nyay Yojana. Replacing the traditional ‘Ghurwa’ pit disposal method, CCX targets methane emissions from manure mismanagement near rural household farms.

Through this groundbreaking project, CCX aims to reduce a staggering 10,000 tonnes of CO2 equivalent emissions by curbing methane from livestock waste. The company has already established over 3,000 Gothan – village-level cow dung processing units – while empowering 4,000 Self-Help Groups by engaging them in vermicomposting activities.

The Vermicomposting Solution at Gothan

Gothan are strategically located village facilities where cow dung procured from farmers undergoes vermicomposting – an aerobic decomposition process utilizing earthworms and beneficial microbes. Operated by Self-Help Group members, this sustainable solution prevents methane emissions from the traditional ‘Ghurwa’ pit system.

Multiple Community Benefits:

  1. Methane reduction contributing to climate change mitigation
  2. Promotion of organic farming through vermicompost products
  3. Employment and economic empowerment of Self-Help Groups women
  4. Financial incentives for farmers and livestock raisers

Join the Transformative Movement

Be a part of this groundbreaking project implemented by CCX – an initiative addressing environmental concerns while uplifting local livelihoods and empowering communities across Chhattisgarh. Contact CCX today to explore collaboration opportunities.

Project summary


tCO2e per year reduction

> 3,000

Gothans are covered throughout Chhattisgarh by CCX


12 March 2022

Project start date



21 Years

Project life 


Types of Offsets Produced

  • 4000 SHGs being supported
  • Female Empowerment
Registry and Certifications

Sustainable Development goals from Co-benefits    



Project Photos(Nilja Gothan, Dharshiva, Raipur, Chhattisgarh):


On October 6, 2023, Honourable Minister of Mines, GoTS, Shri Patnam Mahender Reddy, and Tandur MLA, Shri Rohit Reddy inaugurated Tandur Limestone Processing Industrial Park, Gingurthy, Tandur, Telangana. CoreCarbonX has developed the site master plan for the Tandur Industrial Park, which is around 260 Acres covering thematic layers like roads, water, stormwater, waste and wastewater management, electricity, one-stop solutions for TSIIC and relevant departments, commercial areas, parking, etc. This industrial park is an example of the relocation of industries from Tandur City to a more organized Industrial Park addressing climate resilience and environmentally friendly concepts. The work has been given to CCX by the Telangana State Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (TSIIC).

These initiatives aim to drive overall sustainable development by optimizing existing resources and promoting their efficient management and utilization. Prioritizing a spectrum of pivotal efforts is imperative to elevate sustainability in urban and industrial contexts.

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The escalating phenomenon of climate change presents a substantial peril to our agricultural industry, specifically impacting crops and agricultural land that rely heavily on rivers for their natural resources.

The World Wide Fund commissioned a study with CoreCarbonX to evaluate any potential detrimental effects of climate change on agriculture in the Indian Sundarbans and the Arkavathy river basin. The purpose of this engagement was to evaluate the effects of climate change on agricultural productivity in projected future climate scenarios. The evaluation focused on the predicted 7.5%–28% drop in major crop yields due to climate change, including those of Ragi, Tomato, Beans, and Maize in the Arkavathy region, as well as Rice, Brinjal, Bhendi, Lathyrus, and Green gram in the Indian Sundarbans as a consequence of climate change.

Assessing Climate Change Impacts on Agricultural Productivity

The CoreCarbonX team analyzed projected climatic productivity for chosen study crops using IPCC AR6 temperature and rainfall forecasts, area-specific soil data, and local farming practices. Future climatic scenarios consider insect infestation-related crop yield losses.

Dynamic crop simulation models assess the impact of climate change on agricultural productivity. Representative Agricultural Pathways (RAPs) were also studied to understand future crop suitability classes. To establish future adaptability, a Multi-Criteria Decision approach included cultivation area, production, yield, economic advantages (including crop prices and workforce employment), and sensitivity to climate elements.

The team also used GIS-based analysis, the elevation of case sites, crop base temperature needs, and agricultural production history. 

All these frameworks and concepts laid the groundwork for assessing climate change’s possible effects on agricultural production and developing sustainable policies.

Assessing Climate Change Impacts on Agricultural Productivity

The findings derived from the Climate Change Impact Assessment on Agricultural Productivity in the Indian Sundarbans and Arkavathy River Basin underscore the necessity of implementing suitable adaptation strategies in the designated regions. These strategies should be based on projected crop productivity in order to sustain economically viable yields in the face of future climate scenarios.

Nature-based solutions (NbS) were suggested as an effective way to mitigate the challenge. 

NbS provide cost-effective, long-term ways to conserve natural resources, ensure food security, manage sustainable land and water resources, fight climate change, increase water availability and quality, restore ecosystems and soils, and provide considerable health and food security benefits.


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CoreCarbonX has been working in Maharashtra to bring a positive impact in rural areas. The team works with a local partner to install biogas units in marginalized households in Sangali, Maharashtra. The project reduces Greenhouse Gas emissions especially methane from fossil fuels and animal manure and helps rural households develop sustainably.

Clean cooking and waste management

In remote India, almost 305 million use cow dung cakes or fossil fuels as fuel for in-house cooking which is harmful to their health. This problem primarily affects women, who are closely associated with cooking in rural areas. An initial survey in the western Sangali district showed more than 6000 families’ involvement in the Milk business where the use of fuels like dry cow dung cakes, Firewood and Kerosene is very high.

Considering this, CoreCarbonX designed a Biogas Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) digester with the help of a local partner. In each of the 1400 houses, Core Carbon X has chosen to deliver either 2 cubic meters or 3 cubic meters of biogas units, depending on the number and type of cattle, and family size. Household wastewater and cattle dung are fed to the biogas daily to achieve the desired output for clean cooking.

This project helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions and boost health and well-being by encouraging people to switch to biogas from using harmful fuels like kerosene, cow dung, and firewood.

The project helps achieve many goals in addition to many co-benefits:

  • Social goals: The project has led to immense work in the women’s empowerment sector by providing them with cleaner options. It has also led to an increase in education and awareness of women. Another impact of the project in the district is training and skill-building among women.
  • Economic benefits: The Project’s associated activities have directly employed a number of locals to make the installation effective and indirectly provided economic opportunities to many more.
  • Environmental impact: The project activity has resulted in a reduction of anthropogenic GHG gases in the atmosphere. Participating households use less firewood since installing a biogas unit, reduces pressure on scarce forest resources in the project area.
  • Technology adoption: In order to deploy clean technology, the biogas units are constructed of bricks, sand, cement, pipes, pipe fittings, metal clips, wire, and gas burners. And each bioreactor has a mesophylic fixed dome which makes the biogas sustainable in design.

CoreCarbonX and its local partner have also made certain that the biogas digesters are straightforward to operate and are seeing consistent use.

Join us In our Biogas CDM project for promoting clean cooking in local communities.


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Community-managed Natural Farming

Community-Managed Natural Farming (CNF) methods like dry, wet, and live mulching and 365-day multi-layered multiple cropping quickly build soil microbiota and aeration, which improves water percolation, soil water retention, and air-water harvesting. CNF and soil humus increase plant water needs. This reduces water input, improves agricultural water efficiency, and drought-proofs crops without affecting yields.

Initiative of the Andhra Pradesh (AP) Government

The AP government started the Rythu Sadhikara Samstha (RySS) in 2015 to bring six million farmers and six million hectares of land under AP Community-managed Natural Farming (APCNF) by 2030. By 2020–21, over 700,000 farmers and farm workers in 3,730 Gram Panchayats (GPs) participated in the program.

CoreCarbonX impact study of APCNF in six agro-climatic zones

CoreCarbonX has been hired to do a large-scale, comprehensive study in six agro-climatic zones of Andhra Pradesh to confirm and measure how much water and energy can be saved because natural farming uses less water on agricultural farmlands. Control groups of CNF and non-CNF farmers cultivating three major crops in Kharif and Rabi across the following six agro-climatic zones are assessed.

  1. High Altitude Tribal areas of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari districts,
  2. North Coastal Zone of Plains of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam,
  3. Godavari Zone (East Godavari Plains, West Godavari),
  4. Krishna Zone (Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam),
  5. Southern Zone (Chittoor, Kadapa, Nellore),
  6. Scarce Rainfall Zone (Anantapur, Kurnool)

This assessment is followed by district-level natural farming analysis and mapping to improve understanding of the scale of impact of APCNF and provide actionable information about natural farming practices’ social and economic impacts for state-level adaptation planning, targets, and actions. Policymakers, administrators, development partners, and NGOs use this information to plan and execute interventions.

Community-managed Natural Farming saves water and energy consumption

A preliminary pilot study has shown that Community-managed Natural Farming (CNF) has the potential to alleviate the over-extraction of groundwater by decreasing the need for irrigation water and the state’s fiscal burden on power subsidies, thereby achieving the objectives of both water and energy conservation.

The project also involved the assessment of increased market participation from smallholder CNF farmers.

We work on the impact assessment of Community-managed Natural Farming initiatives of various governments. 


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Rice farming and methane emissions

During rice farming, the fields are often flooded, creating an ideal environment for the decomposition of organic matter and the subsequent release of methane gas, a greenhouse gas 27 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Global rice production accounts for 8-12% of human generated methane.

Partnership to benefit the farmer community and the environment 

CoreCarbonX(CCX) and Vida Carbon Corp have collaborated on a project that would help the paddy farmer community implement improved water management systems in 100,000 hectares of rice fields in Telangana. 

Farmers in Telangana have no financial incentive to conserve water or energy because both are fully subsidised. CCX plans to address this issue by providing farmers with education on “alternative wetting and drying” techniques. This method of farming makes use of a gauge to show exactly how much water is in various parts of the field. With this equipment, farmers can control the water supply to their crops precisely. Reduced methane emissions can be achieved by limiting the length of time that rice fields are submerged in water. The rate of decomposition of organic material and, consequently, methane emissions will be reduced when rice fields are flooded for shorter periods of time.

Farmers economic gain from carbon credits and other co-benefits

Farmers who take part will reap financial rewards from the project’s success through a share of the money made from selling carbon credits.

Benefits such as these are gained in addition to the accomplishment of six SDGs set by the United Nations:

  • Methane Reduction up-to 50%
  • Reduced water consumption by 15%-25%.
  • Increases in Farmer’s Profits.
  • Promote better collaboration between entrepreneurs.
  • Water pump fuel and energy consumption will be reduced.



Million tonnes of CO2 reduction per annum (Estimate) 


Hectares of rice fields supported


Project start date

7-9 years

Project life

Types of Offsets Produced

  • Improved Agricultural Practices
  • Reduction
Registry and Certifications

Sustainable Development goals from Co-benefits


We are working with corporations and governments to help farmer communities adopt sustainable farming practices. Join us.


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Partnership to benefit the health and livelihoods of rural women

CoreCarbonX and Vida Carbon Corp are working together to help 300,000 households in the Indian states of Odisha and Jharkhand switch to clean cooking with the help of improved and very efficient stoves. These cookstoves reduce energy loss and increase heat efficiency.

The World Health Organization estimates that 2.4 billion people in the developing world still cook over open flames or inefficient stoves fueled by environmentally-harmful fuels. Cleaner cooking offers a solution to the dangerous indoor air pollution which is the leading cause of death among women and children in homes.

Carbon Saathi (Carbon Friend) and a unique distribution model to reach remote rural residents

CoreCarbonX uses a unique distribution method to reach rural residents in remote regions who now have access to clean cooking. The cookstoves are distributed at a little or no cost. Rural women are made aware of its advantages over open cooking and trained on cookstove operation and its cleaning.

CoreCarbonX has also trained “Carbon Saathi” (Carbon Friend), the majority of whom are women, from each of the local communities that have been identified for the program. These “Carbon Saathi” are tasked with raising clean cooking awareness amongst women, informing them of the drawbacks of using traditional cooking methods, assisting them in making the switch to improved cookstoves, and ensuring that the stoves are properly maintained so that they continue to provide benefits to women.The team is giving the women in these communities the opportunity to become Carbon Saathi, which is allowing them to earn additional living.

The cookstoves are serialized and being tracked to ensure project success and collect user feedback.

This project achieves 9 UN Sustainable Development Goals delivering co-benefits as given below:

  • Improvement in air quality benefits the health of women and kids.
  • Creation of employment opportunities in nearby areas for the distribution, installation, and maintenance of cookstoves
  • Reduced firewood needs lower deforestation and nearby forest degradation.
  • Lessons manual labor for wood gathering, which is largely a woman’s job.

While delivering various co-benefits, this project has a significant geographic reach and is very scalable. 


Estimated tonnes of CO2 to be reduced


Cookstoves distributed


Project start date

7 years

Project life

Types of Offsets Produced

  • Improved Energy Efficiency
  • Reduction
Registry and Certifications


Sustainable Development goals from Co-benefits


We are working with corporations and governments to widen the use of clean cooking. Join us.


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The refrigeration and air conditioning industries make heavy use of ozone depleting compounds, especially hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Global warming potentials (GWPs) for most HCFCs and HFCs utilised in these applications are between 1,000 and 4,000 times higher than that of carbon dioxide. Product and machinery designers should look for GWP alternatives that excel in several areas: energy efficiency, safety, operating costs, and environmental performance (which in most cases is a combination of high energy efficiency, minimal leakage and a low or very low GWP refrigerant).

To encourage emission reduction via the use of low GWP(Global Warming Potential) refrigerant technology and management, the Japanese Ministry of the Environment (MOEJ) launched a program known as the “Initiative on Fluorocarbons Life Cycle Management.” As part of this program, MoEJ in association with the Mitsubishi Research Institute (MRI) have begun a project to evaluate the global refrigeration industry’s current state of affairs and the progress made toward the adoption of low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants.

MRI collaborated with CoreCarbonX on the research for India

CoreCarbonX, in association with MRI, investigated the state of refrigerant conversion to low-GWP refrigerants in India and the legal and regulatory framework around this transition in light of the Montreal Protocol/Kigali Amendment that were introduced to outline the phasing-out of ozone-depleting refrigerants.

The report explains the current state of the conversion to low-GWP refrigerants, projects developed to phase out HCFCs as well as yearly and projected sales estimates for both refrigerants and air conditioners. These results provide a foundation for future collaboration between India and Japan to reduce the country’s emissions of refrigerants that have high ozone depleting potential (ODP).

We are working with various governments to fight climate change. Join us.


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Samoa, a South Pacific archipelago comprising 12 Polynesian islands, signed the UNFCCC in 1992 and has committed to reduce GHG emissions. In this context, Samoa has to submit a high-quality National Communication and Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC including GHG inventory report.

Changes in the atmosphere’s substance balance, such as greenhouse gas concentration, contribute to climate change. Greenhouse gases absorb infrared, warming the planet. Anthropogenic activities have been affecting greenhouse gas concentrations inducing climate crisis.

GHG inventories help understand GHG sources and causes and reduce their global impact. A GHG inventory quantifies emissions and sinks for a given jurisdictional or organizational boundary.   These inventories, which are updated to reflect changes in GHG accounting, influence emission reduction plans and policies and assess progress over time.  IPCC utilises Global Warming Capacity (GWP) to compare each GHG’s heat-trapping potential to CO2.

Samoa’s government commissioned CoreCarbonX to create a National Inventory Report on the country’s greenhouse gas emissions in compliance with UNFCCC requirements.

This study estimates Samoa’s GHG emissions and sinks from 2010 to 2020 from four sectors: energy, industry, agroforestry, and waste. The report presents emission data by source, sink, and gas.

We are working with various governments to fight climate change. Join us.


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Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) project is a Government of India project funded by the World Bank under their Programme-for-Result Financing Instrument that ensures outcome based funding. The objective of this national level project is to improve the relevance and efficiency of Skills training provided through ITI s and apprenticeships.  

Core CarbonX (CCX) team takes pride in assisting the Orissa Government in completing STRIVE project in the state.

STRIVE is divided into four results areas:

a) Improved Performance of Industrial Training Institutes

b) Increased Capacities of State Governments to Support Industrial Training Institutes and Apprenticeship Training

c) Improved Teaching and Learning

d) Improved and Broadened Apprenticeship Training

A total of 49 Indian Technical Institutes (ITI) were considered for the project all over Odisha. CCX measured the labor market performance of project and non-project ITIs disaggregated by gender and social groups. We gathered information of ITI students who are not in employment or have left the employment along with the reasons for the same. While collecting such information, specific reasons that induced unemployment such as- Industry closed because of lockdown, Reverse migration due to Pandemic etc. were also identified. We assessed the impact of the ITI training programs in terms of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability. Post the data collection and analysis, insights were drawn and inputs were provided for corrective measures required to be taken in order to improve the employability aspects during and after the ITI trainings. We also assessed ITI graduates satisfaction level related to the type of ITI training attended.

We are working with various governments to enhance the training programs in ITIs. Join us.


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