The refrigeration and air conditioning industries make heavy use of ozone depleting compounds, especially hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Global warming potentials (GWPs) for most HCFCs and HFCs utilised in these applications are between 1,000 and 4,000 times higher than that of carbon dioxide. Product and machinery designers should look for GWP alternatives that excel in several areas: energy efficiency, safety, operating costs, and environmental performance (which in most cases is a combination of high energy efficiency, minimal leakage and a low or very low GWP refrigerant).
To encourage emission reduction via the use of low GWP(Global Warming Potential) refrigerant technology and management, the Japanese Ministry of the Environment (MOEJ) launched a program known as the “Initiative on Fluorocarbons Life Cycle Management.” As part of this program, MoEJ in association with the Mitsubishi Research Institute (MRI) have begun a project to evaluate the global refrigeration industry’s current state of affairs and the progress made toward the adoption of low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants.
MRI collaborated with CoreCarbonX on the research for India
CoreCarbonX, in association with MRI, investigated the state of refrigerant conversion to low-GWP refrigerants in India and the legal and regulatory framework around this transition in light of the Montreal Protocol/Kigali Amendment that were introduced to outline the phasing-out of ozone-depleting refrigerants.
The report explains the current state of the conversion to low-GWP refrigerants, projects developed to phase out HCFCs as well as yearly and projected sales estimates for both refrigerants and air conditioners. These results provide a foundation for future collaboration between India and Japan to reduce the country’s emissions of refrigerants that have high ozone depleting potential (ODP).
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