Resources

The refrigeration and air conditioning industries make heavy use of ozone depleting compounds, especially hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Global warming potentials (GWPs) for most HCFCs and HFCs utilised in these applications are between 1,000 and 4,000 times higher than that of carbon dioxide. Product and machinery designers should look for GWP alternatives that excel in several areas: energy efficiency, safety, operating costs, and environmental performance (which in most cases is a combination of high energy efficiency, minimal leakage and a low or very low GWP refrigerant).

To encourage emission reduction via the use of low GWP(Global Warming Potential) refrigerant technology and management, the Japanese Ministry of the Environment (MOEJ) launched a program known as the “Initiative on Fluorocarbons Life Cycle Management.” As part of this program, MoEJ in association with the Mitsubishi Research Institute (MRI) have begun a project to evaluate the global refrigeration industry’s current state of affairs and the progress made toward the adoption of low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants.

MRI collaborated with CoreCarbonX on the research for India

CoreCarbonX, in association with MRI, investigated the state of refrigerant conversion to low-GWP refrigerants in India and the legal and regulatory framework around this transition in light of the Montreal Protocol/Kigali Amendment that were introduced to outline the phasing-out of ozone-depleting refrigerants.

The report explains the current state of the conversion to low-GWP refrigerants, projects developed to phase out HCFCs as well as yearly and projected sales estimates for both refrigerants and air conditioners. These results provide a foundation for future collaboration between India and Japan to reduce the country’s emissions of refrigerants that have high ozone depleting potential (ODP).

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Samoa, a South Pacific archipelago comprising 12 Polynesian islands, signed the UNFCCC in 1992 and has committed to reduce GHG emissions. In this context, Samoa has to submit a high-quality National Communication and Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC including GHG inventory report.

Changes in the atmosphere’s substance balance, such as greenhouse gas concentration, contribute to climate change. Greenhouse gases absorb infrared, warming the planet. Anthropogenic activities have been affecting greenhouse gas concentrations inducing climate crisis.

GHG inventories help understand GHG sources and causes and reduce their global impact. A GHG inventory quantifies emissions and sinks for a given jurisdictional or organizational boundary.   These inventories, which are updated to reflect changes in GHG accounting, influence emission reduction plans and policies and assess progress over time.  IPCC utilises Global Warming Capacity (GWP) to compare each GHG’s heat-trapping potential to CO2.

Samoa’s government commissioned CoreCarbonX to create a National Inventory Report on the country’s greenhouse gas emissions in compliance with UNFCCC requirements.

This study estimates Samoa’s GHG emissions and sinks from 2010 to 2020 from four sectors: energy, industry, agroforestry, and waste. The report presents emission data by source, sink, and gas.

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Approximately 70 percent of Afghanistan’s total power capacity of 1450 W is imported from the neighbouring countries. The country has limited indigenous sources of electricity. Afghanistan can greatly benefit from making the transition from non renewable energy to relying on renewable energy especially Solar energy.

Under this engagement, Core CarbonX has evaluated solar energy potential from rooftops in the city of Kabul. The study has also evaluated the carbon revenue potential from solar rooftop projects in Afghanistan. 300 Sunny days in a year with abundant free Solar irradiation to generate solar power and strong support from Government makes the country an attractive destination for setting up photovoltaic solar power projects.

Improving Lives:

The contribution of solar energy towards climate change mitigation and environmental stewardships were evaluated and showcased by associated carbon revenue that can help in bringing in potential external finance in the renewable energy sector in Afghanistan. Solar rooftop and grid-connected net-metering projects are encouraged and recommended due to the potential benefits of rooftop area, energy security, and generating clean and green energy.

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Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) project is a Government of India project funded by the World Bank under their Programme-for-Result Financing Instrument that ensures outcome based funding. The objective of this national level project is to improve the relevance and efficiency of Skills training provided through ITI s and apprenticeships.  

Core CarbonX (CCX) team takes pride in assisting the Orissa Government in completing STRIVE project in the state.

STRIVE is divided into four results areas:

a) Improved Performance of Industrial Training Institutes

b) Increased Capacities of State Governments to Support Industrial Training Institutes and Apprenticeship Training

c) Improved Teaching and Learning

d) Improved and Broadened Apprenticeship Training

A total of 49 Indian Technical Institutes (ITI) were considered for the project all over Odisha. CCX measured the labor market performance of project and non-project ITIs disaggregated by gender and social groups. We gathered information of ITI students who are not in employment or have left the employment along with the reasons for the same. While collecting such information, specific reasons that induced unemployment such as- Industry closed because of lockdown, Reverse migration due to Pandemic etc. were also identified. We assessed the impact of the ITI training programs in terms of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability. Post the data collection and analysis, insights were drawn and inputs were provided for corrective measures required to be taken in order to improve the employability aspects during and after the ITI trainings. We also assessed ITI graduates satisfaction level related to the type of ITI training attended.

We are working with various governments to enhance the training programs in ITIs. Join us.

 

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Mission: To minimize  plastic  wastage and say no to plastic disposables

The global plastics pollution crisis will only worsen unless everybody across the plastics value chain are made more accountable for the true cost of plastics to nature and people. The new study, Solving Plastic Pollution Through Accountability, finds that too much responsibility for reducing plastics pollution is currently focused on consumers and waste management and efforts will remain insufficient unless action is taken across the entire value chain.

Ways to achieve Transparency and Accountability:

  • The process towards registration, transaction and collection of waste must be implemented and monitored thoroughly.
  • The steps involved at each level is briefed and mindfully designed to eliminate any sort of errors that might scope up.
  • Data Management at all level has to be done and observed based on the mapped objectives.
  • The impact to be achieved, with a significance of a detailed outcome, talks about the success of the project and the process respectively.

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The project activity helps in estimation of carbon stock present in mangrove forest of Kakinada, East Godavari, Andhra Pradesh using remote sensing.

A large fraction of the mangroves in India was destroyed due to aquaculture and agriculture expansion.

Carbon Stock Estimation:

The focus of this study was to employ spectral signatures and morphological characteristics of mangroves to generate an improved index for separating mangrove vegetation from non-mangrove vegetation classes and to compare the performance of the index with other established vegetation discriminating indices [(e.g. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI), Simple Ratio (SR)] using LandSat 8 OLI imagery. The latest index developed in this study namely ‘Combined Mangrove Recognition Index (CMRI)’ incorporates outputs from NDVI and NDWI indices in order to assess exclusively the mangrove vegetation using information like greenness and water content (succulence).

We work with governments on carbon stock estimation using remote sensing. Join us.

 

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The project activity helps in estimation of carbon stock present in mangrove forest of Kakinada, East Godavari, Andhra Pradesh.

Carbon Stock Estimation:

A large fraction of the mangroves in India was destroyed due to aquaculture and agriculture expansion.

The project activity was initiated to find out the overall carbon present in Kakinada mangrove area. The study was conducted in Kakinada mangrove forest and the samples were collected from Coringa wildlife sanctuary. The study area map was carried out with the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values of Kakinada forest which shows the high degradation of mangrove in the southeast area on the Kakinada bay and adjacent with a marshy wetland situated at 16.9162N and 82.2027E, 17.0373N and 82.2917E.with the center of 16.9890N and 82.2774E.

The area was mapped with the GIS and the study research was carried out with the help of a mobile application. The study estimated the above level biomass and below level biomass and calculated the total carbon stock present in the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.

The project also involved the assessment of livelihood opportunities for fishermen community.

We work with various governments on Carbon Stock assessment to restore Mangroves. Join us.

 

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The project objective was to carry out data collection and analysis for implementation of the field level Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Disaster Preparedness and Response (DPR)  program based on identification of project measures vis-a-vis climate projections and adaptation needs.

Key outcomes of the project were – Collection of Primary and Secondary data; Collection and assessment of baseline line data for the watersheds study with respect to climate (Mainly Rainfall and temperature and extreme weather events) ; Climate Analysis and Modelling; Data analysis of socio economic condition ; Data analysis of area, production, productivity of major crops (Irrigated and Rain fed) in the watershed; Study and analysis of farm level data in the watershed; Conducting vulnerability assessment of the watershed area and suggesting climate change adaptation measures; DPR preparation facilitation; Conducting FGDs(Focus Group Discussions) and PRAs(Participatory Rural Appraisal) for local rural community.

We are working with various state governments on Climate Proofing of Watersheds. Join us.

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The evaluation study assessed the utilization of individual households latrines constructed in the state of Karnataka and efficacy of this programme under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Monitoring and Evaluation:

The study ascertained whether the toilets taken up for construction were actually completed or otherwise. The study also further ascertained the level of usage of toilets constructed in terms of  percentage of family members using or not using them and if no, the reasons therefore, In case the toilets are constructed and are not being used, ascertain the present usage of the same other than as latrines. The project involved survey of more than 15000 households in 12 districts, data collection through primary and secondary sources, survey questionnaire preparation, development of methodology to ascertain the status of usage of toilets, and report preparation.

Refer to the report here.

We work with central and state governments on monitoring and evaluation of sanitation programs.

 

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Paddy fields are the most dominant anthropogenic sources of methane to the atmosphere (5-20% of the total emission from all anthropogenic sources).

Anaerobic decomposition of organic material in flooded rice fields produces methane, which escapes to the atmosphere primarily by transport through the rice plants.

Water Management and Reduction in CH4 emissions:

Core CarbonX (CCX) is working together with farmers in reducing the methane emissions from Paddy fields. CCX has already implemented a project on 1800 acres of land in the Nalgonda district in Telangana State, India.

The project promotes the Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) method that helps water management in the rice field, thereby, increasing the yield of the paddy and reducing methane emissions. In addition, this project benefits the farmers by supporting additional revenue from the carbon market for sustainable rice cultivation.

We are working with various state governments, institutions, NGOs and farmers. Our aim is to implement the AWD method in paddy fields totalling 1 million hectares by 2025.

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